Archaeologists study human history through the examination of excavated remains and artefacts. These range from prehistoric tools and buildings to animal bones and tiny organisms.
Archaeologists study past human activity by excavating, dating and interpreting objects and sites of historical interest. They implement excavation projects at historical sites and collect data that informs understanding of the past.
- planning surveys and excavations
- examining, documenting and preserving artefacts
- locating suitable excavation sites, including the use of geophysical surveys and aerial photography
- producing, compiling and maintaining written, photographic and drawn records and electronic databases
- supervising and guiding staff
- mathematical, statistical and computational modelling
- assessing planning applications for building developers.
- collecting, analysing and interpreting data
- writing reports, papers and other articles for publication
- dating and interpreting finds
Although archaeological field work usually takes place in teams, it is possible to work on a self-employed basis. Opportunities for national and international travel may arise through different dig locations, consultancy work with international development organisations, or through attendance of professional conferences.