Museum/gallery conservators care for cultural collections by applying scientific methods to preserve and restore artefacts. Their work mainly involves monitoring and controlling the environment in which collections are stored or displayed to prevent deterioration. They may also restore individual objects directly.
Conservators may be involved in conservation science and preventive conservation and may manage laboratories or have individual research interests.
Some conservators are generalists, applying conservation techniques to a range of objects, while others specialise in any one of the following areas: archaeology; ceramics and glass; furniture and wood; gilding and decorative surfaces; historic interiors; metals; paintings; paper and books; photographic materials; stained glass; stone and wall paintings; or textiles.