Sound technicians are required to assemble, operate and maintain the technical equipment used to record, amplify, enhance, mix or reproduce sound.
They identify the sound requirements for a given task or situation and perform the appropriate actions to produce this sound. Sound technicians of different types are required in a range of industries including film, broadcasting (radio or television), live performance (theatre, music, dance), advertising and audio recordings.
The specific activities carried out by a sound technician vary according to the sector in which they are employed.
Sound technician roles can be split into two categories:
Production activities include:
Post-production activities include:
For larger scale operations, such as film productions, sound technicians are usually required to work within sound teams. There are often separate sound teams for production and post-production. The job of a sound team is essentially to follow or interpret the instructions of the director, sound designer or sound supervisor. There are many specialised roles within sound teams including boom operators, sound assistants, dialogue editor, dubbing mixer, Foley artist, Foley editor, production mixer, sound designer and sound editor.