Meteorologists study the causes of particular weather conditions using information obtained from the land, sea and upper atmosphere.
They use computerised and mathematical models to make short and long-range forecasts concerning weather and climate patterns. A variety of organisations use meteorological forecasts including:
- insurance companies;
- health services.
- the armed forces;
- government services, e.g. for advice on climate change policy;
- public services;
- transport services, particularly air and sea travel;
- the shipping and sea fishing industries and sailing organisations;
- the media;
- industry and retail businesses;
In addition to forecasting, meteorologists study the impact of weather on the environment and conduct research into weather patterns, climate change and models of weather prediction.